Darjeeling – Popular Hill Station in West Bengal
Located in the Darjeeling district in the eastern state of West Bengal in India, Darjeeling is a popular hill station as well a municipality, situated at an elevation of around 2,042.2 meters above the sea level on the Lesser Himalaya Ranges.
It is the district headquarters of the Darjeeling district, and is primarily renowned for the three following reasons:
- It’s a rich tea industry
- The breathtaking view one can get off the world’s third-highest peak—the Kanchenjunga.
- The UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
The main languages spoken in this region are Bengali, Nepali, as well as English. According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Darjeeling is around 1,32,016 people.
Historically, the term Darjeeling emerged from the Sanskrit term “Durjaya Linga,” which literally means “Shiva with endless and invincible prowess who rules the Himalayan ranges.”
In Tibetan culture, it is also believed that the name Darjeeling emerged from the Tibetan term “Dorje,” which means “the thunderbolt scepter of Lord Indra—a popular Hindu deity.”
The place has a temperate climate during the year and it witnesses wet summers during the summer season due to the monsoon rains. The rainfall here is unpredictable and at times leads to extreme weather conditions that result in landslides. Image Source: govacations.in
The region is a part of the significant Eastern Himalayan Zoo Geographic Zone and hence, is quite rich when it comes to flora and fauna. Some of the species of flora found here include oaks, sal, alpine forests, as well as semi-evergreen and temperate forests.
The place also consists of some of the rare species of plants, and the wildlife in the area is protected by the Wildlife Wing of the West Bengal Forest Department. Some of the animal species found here include hog deer, leopards, one-horned rhinoceros, elephant tigers, etc.
The major tourist attraction spots in Darjeeling are as follows:
- The Tiger Hill Mountain
- The Peace Pagoda
- The Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park
- The Batasia Loop
- The Windamere Hotel
- The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
- The Bhutia Busty Monastery