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The Rise and Fall of Football in India

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Football is undoubtedly one of the most popular sports in the world, with a global fan base of billions. India, a country with a population of over 1.3 billion, is no exception. However, the rise and fall of football in India is a story that has been marked by highs and lows.

In this article, we will explore the history of football in India, the reasons behind its rise and fall, and what the future holds for the sport.

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A Brief History of Football in India

Football was introduced to India during the British colonial era in the mid-19th century. The first official football club in India, Calcutta FC, was established in 1872.

The sport quickly gained popularity, and by the early 20th century, India had its own national football team, which played its first international match against France in 1948. In the decades that followed, Indian football reached its peak, with the national team winning gold medals at the Asian Games in 1951 and 1962.

The Rise of Football in India

The 1950s and 1960s were the golden years of Indian football, with the national team enjoying unprecedented success. However, the popularity of the sport started to decline in the following decades. The 1980s and 1990s saw the rise of cricket as the dominant sport in India, with the Indian Premier League (IPL) becoming a cultural phenomenon in the 2000s.

Despite this, football has continued to be popular in certain regions of India, particularly in West Bengal, where the Kolkata Derby between Mohun Bagan and East Bengal remains one of the biggest rivalries in world football.

The establishment of the Indian Super League (ISL) in 2014 also provided a much-needed boost to the sport, with international stars such as Alessandro Del Piero, Nicolas Anelka, and Robert Pires playing in the league’s early seasons.

The Fall of Football in India

Despite these positive developments, football in India has failed to reach the heights it did in the 1950s and 1960s. The national team has not qualified for the FIFA World Cup since 1950, and its ranking in the world has fallen to an all-time low of 108th as of March 2023.

The infrastructure for football in the country is also inadequate, with most stadiums not meeting FIFA standards.

One of the reasons for the decline of football in India has been the lack of investment in the sport. The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), which controls the majority of sports funding in the country, has been accused of neglecting football in favor of cricket.

Another factor has been the lack of grassroots development programs for young footballers, with many talented players failing to make it to the national team due to a lack of opportunities.

The Future of Football in India

Football in India
Source: Pixabay

Despite the challenges facing football in India, there is hope for the future of the sport. The establishment of the All India Football Federation (AIFF) in 1937 and the Indian Super League (ISL) in 2014 have laid the groundwork for the development of football in the country.

The AIFF has also announced plans to launch a new national league in 2022, which will aim to improve the standard of football in India and provide more opportunities for young players.

In recent years, the Indian national team has also shown improvement, with notable victories over Thailand, the UAE, and Qatar.

The success of the ISL has also helped to popularize the sport in India, with the league’s popularity increasing yearly. The participation of Indian clubs in international competitions such as the AFC Cup and the AFC Champions League has also provided a platform for Indian football to showcase its potential on the global stage.

Furthermore, the success of the Indian women’s football team at the AFC Women’s Asian Cup 2022 is also a sign of hope for the sport in the country. The team, led by coach Maymol Rocky, defeated higher-ranked opponents Vietnam and Uzbekistan to finish third in the tournament.

This achievement has not only boosted the morale of women footballers in India but has also increased the visibility of the sport. To further promote football in India, the government and private organizations need to invest more in infrastructure development, grassroots development programs, and the professionalization of the sport.

The establishment of football academies, football schools, and training centers can help to identify and nurture young talent from an early age. The AIFF and ISL also need to work collaboratively to provide a clear pathway for young players to progress from the grassroots to the professional level.



The rise and fall of football in India is a story that has been marked by both triumphs and struggles. The sport has a long history in the country and has enjoyed periods of success, but it has also faced challenges such as a lack of investment, inadequate infrastructure, and neglect from the authorities.

However, there is hope for the future of football in India, with the establishment of the AIFF and ISL, the growing popularity of the sport, and the recent achievements of the national and women’s teams. With the right investments and support, football in India can once again rise to new heights and fulfill its potential as a major global sport.


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