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Rana Sanga: The Powerful Leader of Mewar

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Rana Sanga, the Indian Ruler of Mewar was the head of the powerful Rajput confederacy in Rajputana during the 16th century. His real name was Maharana Sangram Singh Sisodia.

Popularly known as Rana Sanga was a great warrior; he was one of the Rajput kings who fought against external armies and contaminated them.

His tells of bravery are still scribbles in the pages of history. He was a great swordsman and expert in hand-to-hand combat, and his skills of horse riding were awe-inspiring.

His life was full of the courage of his brave stints and fights with external armies. Rana Sanga considers a great king who united all the Rajput Kingdoms to one and made them more potent than ever.


About of Rana Sanga

Maharana Sangram Singh Sisodia was born on 12 April 1472; he was the son of Rana Raimal, who was also the Rajput Ruler of Mewar. Rana Sanga becomes ruler of Mewar in 1508 after a fierce battle of succession with his brothers.

After becoming King of Mewar, he expands his kingdom and fought around 100 wars to save the integrity of Mewar and Rajputs from foreign invaders.

His reign continued till he died in 1528 at the age of 55. He was remembered as a true Rajput who died to save his motherland from foreign invaders. His fearsome battle stints are still chanting in the folklore of historians.

His legacy will continue until the end of time. In battles and skirmishes against foreign invaders like Babur and Lodhi, he lost his one eye, a hand, and a leg. His body was full of marks of swords and other weapons, but he never surrendered in the battleground and fought with bravery.

Family of Rana Sanga

Rana Sanga belongs to Sisodia clan of Rajput’s, who claim Suryavanshi lineage. His father was Rana Raimal, and his successor was Ratan Singh II.

The name of his spouse was Rani Karnavati, who is also famous for her brave stint against foreign invaders and performs Jauhar (self-immolation) to protect her honour when the enemy was trying to capture her.

Rana Sanga was the grandfather of the famous King of Mewar Maharana Pratap, the fierce King of the Rajput dynasty. Rana Sanga had to go through a family battle to protect and siege his crown on Mewar state of Rajput’s.

Soon after his coronation, he united all the ethnic Indian kings without any barrier of religion and caste and persuaded them to fight against foreign invaders like Lodhi, Moguls, etc. Belonging to the legendary Sisodia clan of Rajputana lineage, he had the blood of fierce Rajput warrior.


History of Rana Sanga

Rana Sanga is always remembered as a fearsome King in the history of Mewar, Rajasthan. His act of uniting all Rajput and ethnic Indian Kings helps Indian Empire in winning and contaminating their regions against foreign invaders.

The confederacy he made by uniting warring Rajputana Clans was more potent than any other ethnic Indian ruler.

That is why Moguls were not able to capture the Mewar region for a long time. He was considered the last ruler of medieval India who stood against foreign invaders and fought.

His portfolio of wars depicted the level of courage Rana Sanga. He fought around 100 big and small wars despite the loss of one eye, one hand, and more than 80 wounds.

He never defeated but in the last war against Babur. That was his first and last defeat. Being the grandson of Rana Kumbha, he had the blood of a brave and fierce warrior. During his reign, Mewar was safe from foreign invaders, and he continuously fought with them to contaminate them from the region.

During his reign, Mewar touched the summit of prosperity, freedom, fearlessness, and bravery. He protected Mewar till his last breath, and foreign invaders did not dare to control Mewar till he was alive.

He was the man of his words and followed what he said, after taking an oath to save his kingdom from foreign invaders, he did not step back from his word and died saving his kingdom. Such was the legend Rana Sanga was who fought against that time powerful foreign invaders.

Battles Rana Fought

Rana Sanga fought nearly 100 big and small battles, including the battle of succession with his brothers. It was a written truth that he was never defeated but in his last battle against Babur.

The historians also suggest that if Babur had not accompanied Canons, the result of the battle was something else. Rana Sanga was become victorious in the battle against Babur and make history.

Of all the battles he fought below are some battles that change the course of history at those times and consider as essential battles of Rana Sanga and his kingdom.

  • Battle of Khatoli

This fierce battle was fought in 1518 between Lodi dynasty under Ibrahim Lodi and the Kingdom of Mewar under Rana Sanga, the result of the battle was in favor of Rana Sanga, and Ibrahim Lodi lost a significant number of his men and armor.

  • Battle of Dholpur:

To avenge the loss of Khatoli, Ibrahim Lodi again united his army and men and prepared for the battle of Dholpur. Ibrahim Lodi was keen on taking avenge and gathered near Dholpur, as both armies met on the battlefield, and many soldiers from both sides touch the martyrdom. In last, Rana Sanga again emerges as victorious and defeat Ibrahim Lodi the second time.

  • Battle of Gagron

To teach a lesson to Madini Rai, who start rebelling encroaching against Rana Sanga, Rana Sanga fought the Sultan in 1519, defeat him, capture him and treat him with honor during Sultan’s imprisonment.

  • Battle of Ahmadabad

In 1520 Rana Sanga, with a coalition of Rajput armies, invade Gujarat and defeated Nizam Khan, the Sultan of Gujarat, flee to Muhammadabad.

  • Battle of Khanwa

The last battle of Rana Sanga fought between Rajput forces led by Rana Sanga and Mogul Forces led by Mogul Emperor Babur. With the help of cannon and a large army, Babur won the battle, and the victory starts a new dynasty for Mogul Empire.


These are some essential battles fought by Rana Sanga, after the battle of Khanwa, he again prepares for avenge the loss and to take back his territory from Mogul, however, his chief who suppose that fought against Babur again was a suicidal attempt, so he poisoned Rana Sanga due to which Rana Sanga died on 30 January 1528.


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