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Rana Hammir – The 14th-century ruler of Mewar

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Hamir Dev was the first ruler of the Mewar to have the royal title of Rana before his name. He belonged to the Guhilot dynasty.

Ideally, Sisodia is an Indian Rajput clan who claims to be a follower of the Survanshi lineage. The dynasty belonging to this clan had ruled over the Kingdom of Mewar in Rajasthan. The Sisodia clan is also known as Sisodia, Shishodia, Sishodia, Shishodya, Sisodia, Sisodia, or Sisodiya.

The Sisodia clan’s origin can be traced to its ancestry Rahapa the son of the 12th century Guhila King Ranasimha. The significant branch of the Guhila dynasty ceased with their defeat against the Khalji dynasty at the entrance of Chittorgarh.

In 1326, Rana Hammir, who belonged to the cadet branch of the clan hence regained control of the area, re-established the dynasty, and also became the founder of the Sisodia dynasty clan, which is also a branch of the Guhila dynasty. Like many other Rajput clans, Sisodias claim their origins from the legendary Survanysha or the solar family.

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About Rana Hamir

Rana Hamir was the 14th-century ruler. Hamir Dev belonged to the Chauhan dynasty and drew inspiration from Prithviraj Chauhan, who is greatly respected in the Indian History.

He was the 14th-day ruler of Mewar in the present-day Rajasthan, India. After the Delhi sultanate’s invasion at the end of the 13th century, the ruling Guhilot clan had been shifted from Mewar.

Hammir belonged to an impoverished cadet branch of the respective group and gained control of the region. He had also re-established the dynasty and became the 1st of his family to use the royal title “Rana.”

Additionally, Rana Hammir also became the progenitor of the Sisodia clan, which was a branch of Guhilot clan to which all succeeding Maharana of Mewar has belonged.

During his reign, Hamir Dev had fought at least 17 battles and won 13 of them.  He captured Malwa, Abu, and Mandlgarh.

He then extended his kingdom to the Chagrin of Delhi Sultan, Jalaluddin, who had misgivings about Hamir’s intentions. He had also attacked Ranathambor and had it under control for many years.

In 734 AD, the ruling dynasty of Mewar was found by Bappa Rawal, a semi-legendary figure, the family is known to rule southern Rajasthan for years.

After, many centuries Chittor was besieged in 1303 AD by Alaudin Khilji, who is said to have kidnapped Rani Padmini, Rani of Chittor.

The famous Jauhar followed where Rani Padmini consort of Rawal Ratan Singh led the women of the fort into death by self -immolation.

Chittor was lost after the Jauhar took place, and an extremely distant kinsman, the Rawal Ratan Singh, known as Lakshman Singh, declared himself Rana in exile. He belonged to the Gehlot Clan, but his claim to the throne was extremely tenuous.

In 1326, Rana Hamir Singh re-established the state of Mewar by engineering a coup against his father in law. The dynasty found by Hamir was descended directly from Bappa Rawal.


Jaladuin was defeated by his nephew Allaudin Khilji, who had crowned himself as the new sultan of Delhi. The man behind is triumphant crowning was Muhammad shah that earned him many privileges.

Additionally, Muhammed Shah was also allowed access to the harem as a result of which he quickly built a great rapport with inmates.

One of the Allaudin’s begums was Chimna, but he never gave her as much attention as other begums of the harem received. Inadvertently he had also managed to offend her.

Chimna Begum had made things worse as she was extremely impressed by a soldier from Muhammad Shah’s army. Soon begum and the ambitious king Muhammad shah built a conspiracy to betray Allaudin.

Their goal was to see Muhammad Shah as Sultan and begum as queen. Somehow the conspirational plans had leaked out. Allaudin was fumed as he came to know about Muhammad’s cunning schemes.

Muhammad Shah had to flee from Delhi with his father to escape the fury of Allaudin. In the wrath of Allaudin, he sought many years in Assalyum in nearby kingdoms.

Muhammad shah had contacted Hamir Dev. The robust Rajput was thrilled by his humble pleading, and he also agreed to give Shah a shelter.

When Allaudin came to know this, his ire roused, and he instantly attacked the Ranthambore fort. The armies of Allaudin and Hamir Dev came face to face in a battle on the banks of river Banas.

The Rajputs won the initial victory. After that, another battle was fought in which Allaudin won, and the wounded Muhammad was handed over to him.

Allaudin asked him what his last desire was? On which Muhammad replied to kill Allaudin and place Hamir’s son on the throne of Ranathmbhor.

Then he committed suicide after taking out his dagger. Later on, Allaudin’s laughter reverberated against the fort walls.

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