Prostate Cancer Causes, Symptoms & Treatment
About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer as the name suggests is the spread of abnormal cells in the prostate gland, which is located in a male’s reproductive system. Prostate cancer is a disease that only affects men.
The prostate is called so mainly because of its location, wherein the male body, it is located right at the base of the urinary bladder. When it comes to men, prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer after skin cancer melanoma.
According to statistics, prostate cancer affects men who are older in age, wherein the majority of male patients diagnosed with prostate cancer are over 65 years of age.
While symptoms of prostate cancer are hard to spot during its early stages, it is only when it reaches an advanced stage that the patient is more aware of its impact. The patient is unable to hold urine for usual times and feels the urge to urinate a little too often.
However, according to reports, not every man who suffers from prostate cancer dies, and that has somewhat validated that the cancer is not fully fatal in this case, with around 2.9 million men who were diagnosed with prostate cancer in the U.S. still being alive today.
While there are no established causes of prostate cancer, several factors like age, genetics, as well as a history of prostate issues in the family definitely come to play.
As a matter of fact, the older a man gets, the higher the chances are of him developing prostate cancer. Other than that, obesity, sexually transmitted diseases, diet, as well as a lifestyle too are important factors.
Coming to the symptoms of prostate cancer, the usual ones are: Urinating more often, especially at night, bloody discharge in the urine, painful urination, painful ejaculation, erections can be hard to attain as well as maintain.
On the other hand, if the prostate cancer has already reached an advanced stage, the symptoms may include weak legs, aching bones, spine, ribs, as well as pain in the pelvis, fecal and urinary incontinence.
Treatment for this can include watchful waiting wherein immediate action isn’t taken and issues are monitored through tests by the health professionals, radical prostatectomy, wherein the prostate gland is removed through surgery, brachytherapy, conformal radiotherapy, and intensity-modulated radiotherapy.