Punjab – History, Geography, Economy, Tourism
Punjab is said to have gotten its name from the five streams that course through this locale – Indus, Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, and Ghaggar. It was a locale that framed parts of the Indus Valley human progress. The Aryans settled in this locale in around 1500 B.C.
It was in around 900 B.C. that the battle of Kurukshetra said in the Epic Mahabharata was accepted to have occurred in Kurukshetra. Amid this period the locale shaped little realms ruled by chieftains.
In 326 B.C. Alexander the Great of Macedonia attacked Punjab. After this was the tenet of Chandragupta Maurya that kept going till around the first century A.D. By 318 A.D. the Gupta tradition practiced their impact. The Huns tailed them in around 500 A.D. By 1000 A.D., the Muslims attacked Punjab drove by Mahmud of Ghazni.
In 1030 A.D., the Rajputs picked up control of this domain. Amid the Sultanate period and Mughal guideline, Punjab was occupied with irregular fighting.
In around 1192 A.D. the Ghoris vanquished the Chauhans and ruled until the foundation of the Mughal tenet. Master Gobind Singh (1661-1708 AD) made the Khalsa, a multitude of holy person warriors who rose up against the fierceness executed by the Mughals.
The Sikhs carried on their battle and after the fall of Banda Bahadur, they built up themselves as sovereign leaders of most of Punjab. From the missals advanced the legislature of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1778-1839). He was the first autonomous local Indian ruler after the hundreds of years of subjugation. His rule, however not long, is huge in light of its idea of dharma weaved with the act of secularism.
In the mid, nineteenth century the British set up their impact. After freedom, this district saw mass relocation and conveyance of property. In 1947 when India was divided, the bigger a large portion of Punjab went to Pakistan.
Punjab stretches out from the latitudes 29.30° north to 32.32° North and longitudes 73.55° east to 76.50° east. It is limited on the west by Pakistan, on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the upper east by Himachal Pradesh and on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan.
Because of the vicinity of countless, the greater part of Punjab is a rich plain. The southeast locale of the state is semi-arid and step by step displays a desert scene. A belt of undulating slopes stretches out along the north-eastern piece of the state at the foot of the Himalayas.
Punjab’s atmosphere is portrayed by great hot and compelling chilly conditions. Yearly temperatures in Punjab range from 1 to 46 °C (34 to 115 °F) yet can achieve 49 °C (120 °F) in summer and 0 °C (32 °F) in winter.
The upper east territory lying close to the foothills of the Himalayas gets substantial precipitation, while the zone lying further south and west gets less precipitation and encounters higher temperatures. Normal yearly precipitation reaches between 960 millimeters (38 in) in the sub mountain locale and 460 millimeters (18 in) in the fields.
The state has a number of little, medium and huge scale modern units. Real Industries in the state incorporate metals, producing materials, hosiery, yarn, sports products, hand devices, bikes, and light building merchandise.
The regions of mechanical push incorporate agro-industry, hardware, dairy industry, pharmaceutical industry, and white merchandise industry.
Agribusiness is the pillar of Punjab’s economy. The state contributes 80 percent of wheat and 43 percent of rice to the national exchequer.
The other significant explanation behind the thriving of the state is the colossal number of individuals who left their homes for the nations in Europe and North America and, after long battles, accomplished triumph there.