Pahalgam – Popular Hill Station
Located in the Anantnag district in the north Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir, Pahalgam is a popular hill station and one of India’s most famous tourist destinations.
Situated on the banks of River Lidder, it is around 45 KMs away from the city of Anantnag and is at an altitude of 2,200 meters.
The town is closely associated with one of the popular Hindu pilgrimages that are the Amarnath Yatra that happens between the months of July and August every year, and also happens to be one of the five tehsils of the district of Anantnag.
According to the 2001 census of India, the town of Pahalgam has a small population of a little over 6000 people.
The climate in this region is cool for most parts of the year, as the winter season is quite long and summers are mild and shorter here.
Coming to the flora and fauna of Pahalgam, the place is extremely rich with vegetation wherein the forests here house conifers and a list of unique species of shrubs and herbs. The place is also home to a variety of rare species of animals, endangered species, as well as protected species.
The principal species of animals found in this region include leopards, brown bears, musk deer, Himalayan mouse hare, rhesus macaque, serow, grey langoor, etc.
The place also has a vibrant variety of rare bird species. Some of these are blue rock pigeons, griffon vultures, snow cocks, European hoopoe, jungle crows, monals, Kashmir rollers, koklas, etc. the birds belong to both the categories of being resident as well as migratory.
The two main places of interest in this place are: First, the Kolhoi Glacier that is located right above the Lidder Valley and as on today is a hanging glacier, which was receded into half since the year 1985.
The next one is the Betaab Valley, which is located at a distance of around 15 KM from the town of Pahalgam. Interestingly, the valley gets its name from a famous Bollywood movie that was shot here.