Jammu and Kashmir – History, Economy, Tourism
About Jammu and Kashmir
Kalhana, the first Indian history author, gave a clear record of the historical backdrop of Kashmir before the tenth century AD. Neighbourhood kingdoms administered widely in this district until the twelfth century AD when Muslims attacked the area. The best Muslim ruler of early medieval age in Kashmir was Zain-ul-Abidin, who climbed the throne in AD 1420 and ruled up to 1470. His long run contributed widely to the spread of craftsmanship, society, music, and each other circle in the life of Kashmir individuals.
He likewise made an in number armed force and added numerous districts close-by Kashmir. These were the season of brilliant standard in Kashmir when peace and agreement won. After the demise of King Zain-ul-Abidin, a time of decimation came calling to Kashmir and numerous bandits from outside plundered the state and made the individuals and nearby rulers their hostage.
In 1587, Akbar attached Kashmir into his unlimited domain. Jahangir, child of Akbar and next Mughal ruler, went to Kashmir 13 times and made two excellent greenery enclosures on the bank of Dal Lake, to be specific, the Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh. Following two centuries of peace and improvement, Kashmir came under the control of the Pathans in 1752, when the Afghan ruler Abdul Shah Abdali assaulted this area on the solicitation of nearby aristocrats.
In 1819, the Sikhs under Maharaja Ranjit Singh attached this area, yet their domain stayed set up just for a long time. From 1846 to 1957, the Dogras ruled over this locale when the British crushed Ranjit Singh and gave over the organization of this district to Maharaja Gulab Singh.
Jammu and Kashmir is home to a few valleys, for example, the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The primary Kashmir valley is 100 km (62 mi) wide and 15,520.3 km2 (5,992.4 sq mi) in range.
The Himalayas partition the Kashmir valley from Ladakh while the Pir Panjal reach, which encases the valley from the west and the south, isolates it from the Great Plains of northern India. Along the north-eastern flank of the Valley runs the primary scope of the Himalayas. This thickly settled and wonderful valley has a normal stature of 1,850 meters (6,070 ft) above ocean level however the encompassing Pir Panjal extent has a normal rise of 5,000 meters (16,000 ft).
The atmosphere of Jammu and Kashmir shifts enormously inferable from its tough geology. In the south around Jammu, the atmosphere is commonly monsoonal; however, the area is adequately far west to normal 40 to 50 mm (1.6 to 2 inches) of downpour every month in the middle of January and March.
In the hot season, Jammu city is exceptionally hot and can reach up to 40 °C (104 °F) whilst in July and August, substantial however flighty precipitation happens with month to month extremes of up to 650 millimeters (25.5 inches). In September, precipitation decays, and by October conditions are hot however to a great degree dry, with negligible precipitation and temperatures of around 29 °C (84 °F).
Jammu and Kashmir’s economy is overwhelmingly reliant on horticulture and partnered activities. The Kashmir valley is known for its sericulture and cold water fisheries. Wood from Kashmir is utilized to make great cricket bats, famously known as Kashmir Willow. Kashmiri saffron is extremely celebrated and brings the state a good looking measure of remote trade.
Farming fares from Jammu and Kashmir incorporate apples, grain, fruits, corn, millet, oranges, rice, peaches, pears, saffron, sorghum, vegetables, and wheat, while fabricated fares incorporate painstaking work, floor coverings, and shawls.
Agriculture assumes an essential part of the financial improvement of the state. With a yearly turnover of over ₹3 billion (US$47 million), aside from remote trade of over ₹800 million (US$12 million), this segment is the following greatest wellspring of wage in the state’s economy. The locale of Kashmir is known for its cultivation industry and is the wealthiest area in the state. Horticultural produce from the state incorporates apples, apricots, fruits, pears, plums, almonds, and walnuts.