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Button and Buttonhole: Categories, Methods, and Equipment

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Aurangzeb, the Mugal monarch, was deeply enamoured with fashionable clothing and expanding his sphere of influence. When a golden button in his new sherwani had an unflattering appearance, he once gave his clothing manufacturer the death penalty.

Later, the cloth manufacturer added a unique type of extraordinary pearl button, and the king pardoned him for his outstanding innovation and buttonhole machine.

Any type of clothing needs buttons and buttonholes for ease of wearing and aesthetic presentation. For buttons and buttonholes, much study has been done in the realm of contemporary fashion. This essay will provide a concise overview of the many technical features of buttons and buttonholes.

Modern machines include features like a lock stitch, an oil-free operating panel, and high rpm capabilities. For instance;

Button Machine: Modern machines include a tonne of features. The following are a few of them:

  • Increased output: – Sewing at a rate of 2,700 rpm or more.
  • There are more than 50 distinct stitching patterns, all of which are simply changeable via the computer control panel.
  • Excellent seam quality: Consistent knot tying at the start of sewing is achieved using the most recent technology.
  • Auto lifter mechanism: The button holder device may be adjusted to auto lifting mode from a one-step stroke to two-step strokes, which aids in better placement of material on the machine and lessens operator fatigue.

Advanced dry head technology does not need lubrication, therefore there are no oil stains on the fabric. On the hook, nominal lubrication is needed.

  • Button auto-feeding: A mechanism was created to feed the button automatically.
  • A device for electronically controlling thread tension.
  • In addition to the aforementioned, 20,000 stitches and 150 pattern sewing data may also be loaded into the memory.
  • Modern buttonhole machines are fast, computer-controlled, and lock stitch machines with the characteristics listed below.
  • Greater productivity: 4,200+ rpm sewing speed.
  • There are over 30 distinct stitching patterns, all of which may be simply modified using the computer’s control panel. capable of storing more than 100 patterns in memory.
  • Outstanding seam quality: – Modern technology suitable for various stitching settings. such as a buttonhole following a basting stitch, a whip stitch, a double stitch, etc.
  • Auto lifter mechanism: A newly developed auto-lifter powered by a stepping motor is one of the numerous functions of the pedal that helps to lessen operator fatigue.
  • Advanced dry head technology does not need lubrication, therefore there are no oil stains on the fabric.
  • Simple threading: The needle bar has been made to be simple to thread.
  • A device for electronically controlling thread tension.
  • Multiple knife dropping mechanism and 120mm stitching length: The machine is capable of producing buttonholes that are 120mm long and 10mm wide.
  • Collar band button stitch guild (601): – Attachment for collar band buttoning without leaving a mark. Button and buttonhole machine attachments.
  • Collar band buttonhole guild (602): An attachment for collar bands without visible buttonholing.
  • Attachment for the collar point buttonhole using the collar tip or point buttonhole stitch guild (603)
  • Attachment for buttoning the collar down. Collar down button stitch gauge (604) There are several varieties available for various needs.
  • Cuff button stitch guild (605): Attachment without marking for buttoning the cuff.
  • Cuff buttonhole guild (606): A non-marked attachment for buttonholing cuffs.
  • Attachment for the button stitch spacing gauge (item number 607)
  • Buttonhole spacing gauge attachment (608): This tool measures the distance between buttonholes.
  • Attachment for a buttonhole spacing gauge that measures distances horizontally (609)
  • On a standard machine, the shank button stitch clamp (610) is used to attach the button.
  • Shank button cover stitch clamp (611): Used with a standard machine to fasten a shank button with fabric covering.
  • Hook stitch clamp (612): This attachment allows for the attaching of the hook and eyes.
  • Coats has created a fusible thread called “Secura” specifically for button attachment. It is offered in various numbers to suit various needs.
  • Use of a thread for button attachment:
  • For a 2-hole button, around 0.30 metres (14 stitches)
  • For a button with four holes, around 0.60 metres (24 stitches)
  • Depending on the stitch density, one conventional buttonhole uses around 0.60 to 0.1 metres of thread.

TQ X 1 and TQ X 7 needle systems are frequently used for buttoning machines. DP X 5 is a universal needle system for buttonholes. frequent issues brought on by needles.

These issues are all reduced by the Groz-Beckert RG POINT needle, which also enhances the effectiveness of button-sewing. The RG POINT, with its odd ball-shaped tip, has shown to be more effective for several uses. This may be used for strong cloth as well as a light fabric like knits for label tacking through button sewing machines.

For comparable types of work, other needle companies use the needle point system STU, STUB, etc.

Various button types

There is a tonne of different sorts of buttons. For instance, a sheet button, a real (natural) mother-of-pearl button, a laser-engraved button, a metallic (brass) button, a horn button, a wood button, a coconut button, a shank button, a button wrapped in fabric, a bone button, a polyester button, etc. available in a wide variety of sizes, dimensions, matt finishes, and forms.

Table of button sizes Directionally:

  • Buttonholes made by sewing machine (bound): This buttonhole is frequently used in leather clothing or in fragile fabrics that cannot support a buttonhole.
  • Cut the material in the centre of the rectangle as needed, as shown in the picture. Then, flip the material over to the back and stitch from top to bottom, securing the corners.
  • Interfacing on the back side may be used for added strength. Attach the interfacing to the main material before cutting, then continue with the next steps.
  • Handcrafted buttonholes: Buttonholes can be manually created by cutting and sewing in a variety of forms and patterns.
  • Buttonhole with loops: A bias-cut tube that is self-filled and linked to the body fabric to hold the button. Sometimes the bias may not be there, and other times the chord may be present.
  • The newest machine allows for the creation of buttonholes with varied designs without modifying the CAM 30. Please refer to the “many various sewing patterns” buttonhole machine column.

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