History of Red Fort – Agra
Composed of red sandstone, the Red Fort situated in Agra, is an appropriate illustration of magnificent Mughal architecture that has dominated India over centuries. The Red Fort was built in the 1670s and the construction was spread over centuries, with different architects looking after different portions of the monument during its establishment.
Situated near the banks of River Yamuna, the Red Fort was initially considered to be shaped into a fortress and its construction in simple bricks and mud began during the great Mughal emperor Akbar’s reign.
Later, the structure saw drastic changes in its perception as well as construction, from different Mughal rulers. The place is also famous for the fact that Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, who is also the builder of the famous Taj Mahal, died there, after being held prisoner by his own son.
The outer walls of the monument have two giant gates, and are known as the Amar Singh Gate and the Delhi Gate. Both are made of red sandstone. The interiors of the place are widely empty, with luxurious carvings adorning the walls.
An effort of a variety of architects, the Red Fort was built by workers from different nationalities and thus, the variations and demarcations in style and architecture is evident in the monument.