HEPATITIS D – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
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About HEPATITIS D
Like its other preceding virus Hepatitis A, B, and C, Hepatitis D to is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis D Virus (HDV). However, the catch is that an individual can only get infected from Hepatitis D, if he already has Hepatitis B.
Hence, sharing the fundamental similarities, Hepatitis D can be transmitted to a person only through blood contact or exchange of bodily fluids, such as semen.
It is also possible for a person to get simultaneously affected by both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis D. Hepatitis D cannot be contracted on its own at all, it is only through the infection by Hepatitis B.
The Hepatitis D Virus is also known as the Delta Virus and the primal impact it has on an affected individual is that their liver becomes inflamed.
After this, the liver starts showing signs of damage, which in the long run can transform into liver scarring or liver cancer, wherein the only resort that remains for the patient’s survival is a liver transplant.
The places where infection through Hepatitis D is quite common are Russia, South America, West Africa, Central Asia, the Pacific Islands, as well as the Mediterranean.
Coming to the categories of Hepatitis D, there are two: Acute Hepatitis D and Chronic Hepatitis D. While the former shows mild symptoms, lasting for around six months, its effects may subside on its own over time.
However, if the conditions stay worse for over six months, chances are that the individual is suffering from the chronic effects of the HDV.
The symptoms come later than initial stages of infection and the common signs are joint pain, vomiting, abdominal pain, yellowish skin, mild fever, jaundice, dark urine, loss of appetite, as well as frequent fatigue.
People who often go through blood transfusion, indulge in sexual activities with multiple partners, or already have Hepatitis B are at a higher risk of developing Hepatitis D.
Currently there are no vaccinations against Hepatitis D, and the only way of prevention is through safety measures and avoiding any non-superficial contact with someone who is already infected by the virus.
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