Arunachal Pradesh – History, Cultural, Geography, Economy
About Arunachal Pradesh
The historical backdrop of pre-present day Arunachal Pradesh stays covered in a riddle. Oral histories had right up ’til the present time by numerous Arunachali tribes of Tibeto-Burman stock are much wealthier and guide unambiguously toward a northern starting point in current Tibet. Again certification stays troublesome.
As indicated by the Arunachal Pradesh government, the Hindu writings Kalika Purana and Mahabharata notice the area as the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas, and where sage Parashuram washed away sins, the sage Vyasa thought, King Bhishmaka established his kingdom, and Lord Krishna wedded his associate Rukmini.
The Monpa and Sherdukpen do keep authentic records of the presence of nearby chiefdoms in the northwest also. North-western parts of this territory went under the control of the Monpa kingdom of Monyul, which thrived between 500 B.C. also, 600 A.D. This district then went under the free control of Tibet and Bhutan, particularly in the Northern regions.
The remaining parts of the state, particularly those flanking Myanmar, were under the control of the Sutiya Kings until the Ahom-Sutiya fight in the sixteenth century. The Ahoms held the zones until the addition of India by the British in 1858.
In any case, most Arunachali tribes stayed practically speaking to a great extent independent up until Indian autonomy and the formalization of indigenous organization in 1947.
Arunachal Pradesh is situated between 26.28° N and 29.30° N scope and 91.20° E and 97.30° E longitude and has 83,743 square kilometer range.
The vast majority of Arunachal Pradesh is secured by the Himalayas. Be that as it may, parts of Lohit, Changlang, and Tirap are secured by the Patkai slopes. Kangto, Nyegi Kangsang, the fundamental Gorichen top, and the Eastern Gorichen crest are a portion of the most elevated tops in this district of the Himalayas.
The area is basically uneven with the Himalayan reaches running north-south. These separate the state into five stream valleys: the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. All these are nourished by snow from the Himalayas and endless waterways and rivulets.
The mightiest of these streams is Siang, called the Tsangpo in Tibet, which turns into the Brahmaputra after it is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit in the fields of Assam.
The atmosphere of Arunachal Pradesh fluctuates with rising. Ranges that are at a high height in the Upper Himalaya near the Tibetan fringe have an elevated or tundra atmosphere. Underneath the Upper Himalayas are the Middle Himalayas, where individuals encounter a mild atmosphere. Territories at the sub-Himalayan and ocean level height for the most part experience damp, sub-tropical atmosphere with hot summers and gentle winters.
Arunachal Pradesh gets overwhelming precipitation of 2,000 to 4,100 millimeters (79 to 161 in) every year, the vast majority of it in the middle of May and September. The mountain slants and slopes are secured with snow-capped, calm, and subtropical timberlands of midget rhododendron, oak, pine, maple, fir, and juniper; sal (Shorea robusta) and teak are the primary monetarily important species.
Arunachal Pradesh’s gross state domestic item was evaluated at US$706 million at current costs in 2004 and USD 1.75 billion at current costs in 2012. Farming essentially drives the economy.
Jhum, the nearby term utilized for moving development is by and large broadly honed among the tribal gatherings, however inferable from the steady development of different wellsprings of salary in the late years, it is not being drilled as unmistakably as it was before.
Arunachal Pradesh has near 61,000 square kilometers of backwoods, and woodland items are the following most huge segment of the economy. Among the products developed here are rice, maize, millet, wheat, beets, sugarcane, ginger, and oilseeds.
Arunachal Pradesh represents a huge rate offer of India’s undiscovered hydroelectric potential.