Thanjavur – A Popular Pilgrim Town
Located in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur, which was previously known by the name Tanjore, is a popular pilgrim town in the country widely known for its religious significances, magnificent art, and architecture.
In the historic context, Thanjavur is rich with its heritage as well as the fact that the amount of times it served as the capital place during the very prominent political reigns in ancient times makes it a significant spot in the Indian map.
While the place rose to high prominence amidst the rule of the Chola Empire in India, it went on becoming exponentially popular with time as after the fall of the Cholas, famous dynasties like the Pandyas, the Vijayanagar Empire, the Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas as well as the British Empire too ruled the city.
The place also houses the famous Tanjore Painting, globally famous for the unique art that it depicts breeding from the same region.
Coming to the religious aspects of the place, the fundamental point that makes Thanjavur a globally known pilgrim spot is the fact that the majority of the great living Chola Temples, which are termed as UNESCO World Heritage Monuments reside in this very city or around it. Out of all these monuments, the most prominent and popular one is the Brihadeeswara Temple, devoted to popular Hindu deity Lord Shiva, which happens to be one of the largest temples in the entire country.
It flaunts magnificent Dravidian architecture and is also known by the names Periya Kovil, RajaRajeswara Temple, as well as Rajarajeswaram.
Apart from the Brihadeeswara Temple, the other prominent holy shrines and places of tourist attraction include names like Gangaikonda Cholesvarar Temple, the Thanjavur Maratha Palace, the Saraswathi Mahal Library, etc. Other than these, Thanjavur is also rich in cultural heritage, as popular cultural sagas like the famous Carnatic Vocals in south Indian culture found its roots from Thanjavur, likewise, popular Indian classical dance Bharatanatyam too found the roots of many of its defined styles from this very place. Thanjavur is also famous for its traditional handicrafts, which have registered its own name in the global market of art and handicrafts.