West Bengal – History, Geography, Economy, Tourism
About West Bengal
West Bengal was once in the past known as Vanga and was spread over a limitless zone. Ruled by a few lines from old times, the genuine history of this area is, in any case, accessible from the Gupta period.
The success and the significance of the state expanded to a great extent when the British East India Company assumed control over the spot. It was a boundless Bengal region until under the terms of the Indian Independence Act, 1947, the area of Bengal stopped to exist.
The Muslim-overwhelmed areas, to be specific, Chittagong, Dacca and some piece of Presidency and Rajshahi division went to present-day Bangladesh and West Bengal was composed in 1947.
The area of Cooch Behar was converged with the state on January 1, 1950. The previous Chandernogor went in close vicinity to the state on October 2, 1954, and the state got its present political limit while, as indicated by the States Reorganization Act, some piece of the state of Bihar was exchanged to West Bengal.
West Bengal is extending for around 300 miles from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal; West Bengal’s geology is as enhanced as its way of life. West Bengal runs the tropic of cancer.
West Bengal is encompassed by the three global borders in the north, to be specific, Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh. On its upper east lies the green valley of Assam. On the east lies Bangladesh. Bihar lies on the western side.
Image Source: indiamike.com
Toward the southwest, lies Orissa, the state with, its brilliant shorelines and the Bay of Bengal lies in the south of West Bengal. Beginning from the strong Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south, West Bengal is a group of shifted physical components.
Nearing descending, the state houses a percentage of the uncommon types of untamed life in the Sundarbans that is likewise the characteristic natural surroundings of the well known Royal Bengal Tiger. Between the Himalayan mountain district and the delta area lay the fruitful Gangetic fields.
West Bengal’s atmosphere changes from tropical savanna in the southern bits to moist subtropical in the north. The primary seasons are summer, blustery season, a short pre-winter, and winter.
While the mid-year in the delta locale is noted for intemperate moistness, the western highlands encounter a dry summer like northern India, with the most elevated day temperature going from 38 °C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F).
In the evenings, a cool southerly breeze conveys dampness from the Bay of Bengal.
Minerals, similar to rock phosphate, fire mud, iron, limestone, copper, silica, quartz, manganese, and sandstone are found in an impressive sum in the state. Thus, a couple of businesses identified with these are being set up in the state.
Steel and composite steel plants in Durgapur and another steel plant in Burnpur are a percentage of the vital businesses of the state. Different commercial enterprises incorporate jute, tea, cotton materials, vehicles, bike, footwear, calfskin, paper, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, aluminum, sugar, timber preparing, clay, glass, bone metal, and dairy.
Fifty-five percent of the number of inhabitants in West Bengal relies on horticulture. Indeed, agribusiness makes a considerable commitment to the state’s wage.
West Bengal records for 57.3% of the aggregate jute and 24% of the aggregate tea delivered in the nation. Pulses, oilseeds, grain, maize, betel leaf, tobacco, and sugarcane are a portion of the other rural results of West Bengal. Besides, there are a few multipurpose watering system plans in West Bengal, in particular, the Damodar Valley, Mayurakshi, Kangsbati, and Subarnarekha Barrage.
The watering system plans are Teesta-Mahananda connection channel in Jalpaiguri locale, Terageria and Turga watering system plan in Purulia, Hinlow watering system plan in Birbhum area and Sohajare plan in Bankura district.