Top 5 Biggest Dams in India
Humans have been considered as a god gifted for creating some of the best infrastructures. When talking about advanced foundations, nothing can beat the existence of dams in the country.
India is home to several dams that are built across rivers. These dams have been spread across various states and cities.
In India, still, the primary source of occupation and income is Farming, dams do form an essential part as most of the time the electricity and water are relied upon from the natural sources.
There are a few dams in the country which are considerably large and have provided an immense amount of benefits to the country.
Biggest Dams in India
The dam is located in the Uttarakhand, which is considered to be a hub of dams. Tehri Dam is known to be the highest dam in the world and the largest dam in the country.
It is one of the rare dams in the country which is Earth embankment dams and is built in the sides of the Bhagirathi river.
Initially, the primary purpose of the dam to be built was to work on a hydroelectric project which would consist of a thousand of megawatt capacity and will be coupled with a computer scheme for storage.
After the construction of the Tehri Dam, the purpose of the project massively diversifies into various other projects such as irrigation and supply of Municipal water which were the need of the hour.
Tehri Dam was started to built-in 1978 but was conceptualized in 1961.
Bhakra Nangal Dam:
The dam is located in Himachal Pradesh is one of the most popular known dams about which we have been studying right from our school days.
Before the opening of the Tehri Dam, Bakra Nangal Dam enjoyed being the highest dam in the country. The dam is built across the rivers of Satluj which is also known to be one of the large tributaries of the Indus river in the country.
The dam has the capacity of supplying water to the ‘Gobind Sagar Reservoir’ which has the capability of storing 9.34 million cubic meters of water in total and is 90 km long.
The construction of the dam had begun in 1948, and the building got over in 1963. The dam is a significant source for providing water for irrigation to three primary states: Punjab, Rajasthan, and Haryana.
The dam is a rich source of water due to wish it is also home to many of the exotic fishes.
Sardar Sarovar Dam:
The dam is located in Gujrat. The dam is built across the Narmada river in Gujrat. She is a source for supplying water and electricity to some of the significant states such as Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujrat.
The dam was started to built in the year 1961. However, the inauguration of the dam took quite a while and was finally inaugurated in 2017, just three years back.
The dam is known to have a high capacity and also the ability to irrigate a total of 17920 square km of land, which is spread across 4000+ villages.
The dam has an inbuilt solar power unit of generation as well as a hydroelectric unit of power.
The dam is known to be the longest dam in the world which is built across the Mahanadi River. The entire length of the dam is approximately 26 km, and the main theme length is about 4.8 km.
It was in 1936 when the dam had started to be built after the instructions given by Sir M Visvesvaraya, one of the most prominent engineers of the country.
The primary purpose behind the construction of the dam was to eradicate the problem of floods on the Mahanadi river.
It was 1948 when Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had laid the foundations of the very first batch. The entire construction of the dam got completed in 1953, and it was in 1957 when the inauguration of the dam took place.
Since it is a rich source of water in the country and one of the most famous dams in India, it is home to many endangered fishes and is a rich source in terms of the fishing economy of the country.
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam:
The dam is built in Telangana and the districts of Nalgonda. The dam is built across the Krishna river. The dam had started to be built in 1955, and the construction got over in 1967.
Nagarjuna Sagar has a total capacity of 11.5 billion cubic meters. The dam currently provides the irrigation facilities to several districts such as Guntur, Khammam, Nalgonda, Krishna, West Godavari, Prakasam, Suryapet, etc. in the areas of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
It has an inbuilt power station which was installed with a total capacity of 816.