The sixth century BC is much of the time seen as a vital occasion in right on time Indian history.
Truly “Unprecedented Kingdoms” (from Maha, “unfathomable,” and Janapada “strong balance of a tribe,” “country”) implies 16 legislatures and “republics” that reached out over the Indo-Gangetic fields from cutting edge Afghanistan to Bangladesh in the sixth century B.C.E., going before and in the midst of the rising of Buddhism in India.
They identify with a move from a semi-transient tribal society to an agrarian-based society with an endless arrangement of trade and an extraordinarily dealt with the political structure.
A significant number of these “kingdoms” filed in as republics regulated by a general party and a board of trustees of senior subjects drove by a picked “ruler emissary.” The Mahajanapadas are the chronicled association of the Sanskrit adventures, for instance, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana and Puranic written work (the itihasa).
They were similarly the political and social association in which Buddhism and Jainism climbed and made.
In the later Vedic Age, various little kingdoms or city-states had secured the subcontinent, numerous said in Vedic, early Buddhist and Jaina writing as far back as 500 BCE. sixteen governments and “republics” known as the Mahajanapadas—Kashi, Kosala, Anga, Magadha, Vajji (or Vriji), Malla, Chedi, Vatsa (or Vamsa), Kuru, Panchala, Matsya (or Machcha), Shurasena, Assaka, Avanti, Gandhara, and Kamboja—extended over the Indo-Gangetic Plain from advanced Afghanistan to Bengal and Maharastra. This period saw the second significant ascent of urbanism in India after the Indus Valley Civilisation.
Numerous little groups mentioned within early literature appear to have been available over whatever was left of the subcontinent. Some of these lords were hereditary; different states chose their rulers.
Early “republics, for example, the Vajji (or Vriji) confederation focused in the city of Vaishali, existed as early as the sixth century BCE and held on in a few regions until the fourth century CE. The informed discourse around then was Sanskrit, while the dialects of the overall public of northern India are alluded to as Prakrits.
Large portions of the sixteen kingdoms had combined to four noteworthy ones by 500 400 BCE, when of Gautama Buddha. These four were Vatsa, Avanti, Kosala, and Magadha.
The Life of Gautam Budhha was for the most part connected with these four kingdoms. This period relates in an archaeological connection toward the Northern Black Polished Ware Culture.