SKIN Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment
About SKIN Cancer
As the name suggests, skin cancer is the spread of abnormal cells in the skin of a human body. Categorically, there are types of skin cancer, which are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and lastly, melanoma.
While unlike other forms of cancers, the first two types of cancers are generally not life-threatening since they do no spread to other parts of the body, it is the third type that is melanoma, which is quite dangerous in the lot and can also be life-threatening. Melanoma is also far less common compared to the other two types of skin cancer.
Coming to the causes of skin cancer, while there aren’t substantially established ones, there most definitely are certain risk factors that can contribute much to skin cancer.
These risk factors include extreme exposure to ultraviolet lights, a lot of exposure to ionizing radiation, a weak immune system that has been suppressed due to threatening virus like HIV or from other long term medications or procedures like radiations and chemotherapy, or suffer acutely from different types of a wart or viral infections.
When it comes to the symptoms of basal cell skin cancer and squamous cell skin cancer, one may experience a bump or sore on the skin that doesn’t go away at all, there can also be unusual skin growth.
When cancer starts to develop further, there can also be blood that oozes out from these bumps. On the other hand, in the symptoms of melanoma, one may face appearances of spots on the skin that keep changing in terms of size as well as color.
There’s also an ABCDE guide when it comes to the symptoms of this type of skin cancer, in which A stands for asymmetry, wherein one part of a person’s birthmark doesn’t match with the other part. B stands for the border, wherein the edges of the spots are blurred, blotched, or simply irregular in their shape.
C stands for color, wherein the colors of these spots vary and may often change. D stands for diameter, wherein the diameter of each spot is up to 6 millimeters, and finally E, which stands for evolution, wherein the moles are always changing in appearance.
The treatment then consists of surgically removing these cancerous moles from the body, and if need be, additional excision may also be done to remove cancerous cells form remain skin areas.