Maharashtra – History, Geography, Economy, Tourism
Jorwe in the Ahmadnagar area gives numerous confirmations of antiquated progress in Maharashtra. The Chinese explorer Hiun Tsang, who went by this area in 640-641 BC, was truly energetic about the thriving of the district in his works. Amid third and fourth hundreds of years BC, the area of Konkan stayed under the control of the Mauryans, whose strategies prompted extraordinary progressions in the fields of exchange and Buddhist learning in the district.
After the crumbling of the Mauryan Empire, the Satwahanas (230 BC – AD 225) came to govern this district. Pratishthan or present-day Paithan was their capital. This incredible realm disintegrated in view of inside quarrels in the positions of vassals. In progression came the immense leaders of the Vakataka, Chalukya, and Rashtrakuta realms making Maharashtra an extraordinary central point of society and craftsmanship.
Yadavas were the remainder of these kingdoms that lost their energy in the mid-twelfth century and a long stretch of Muslim principle began in Maharashtra. Allauddin Khilji was the first ruler to comprehend the estimation of the Deccan as the way to broadening impact over south India and back to back rulers from Delhi till the seventeenth century attempted their best to hold this area under their control. From the center of the seventeenth century, another gathering of warrior individuals came to overwhelm the scene in Maharashtra and somewhere else in India called Marathas.
The birthplace of Marathas is still begging to be proven wrong, however, what is known is that they stole the spotlight from the immense Mughals. It was strictly when vanquishing the Marathas that the English could build up their authority on India. Shivaji was the first incredible leader of Marathas and it was he who made ready for future Maratha impact on India. The courage and enormity of Shivaji is still recollected by the populace of this nation and his stories are presently some piece of the colossal Indian fables.
Maharashtra is situated in the northern middle of peninsular India, encompassed by the Arabian ocean in the west, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh on the north, Madhya Pradesh in the east and Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh on the south. The state stretches out between the scopes 15.6° North and 22.1° North and longitudes 72.6° East and 80.9° East.
To the extent the topography of Maharashtra goes, a great part of the state comprises of the high Deccan level, which is isolated from the straight Konkan coastline by ‘Ghats’. The Ghats are a progression of steep slopes, occasionally divided by tight streets, and which are frequently delegated by medieval fortresses. Given their elevation, it is not astounding that the Ghats are home to the state’s slope stations. One of the three noteworthy locales of the state is the Sahyadri range with a height of 1000 meters.
The novel component of this locale is a progression of the delegated level. Lying between the Arabian Sea and the Sahyadri Range, Konkan is a tight beachfront swamp, only 50 km wide and with a rise beneath 200 meters. The third essential area is the Satpura slopes along the northern fringe, and the Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on the eastern outskirt structure physical hindrances avoiding simple development. These reach additionally serve as normal points of confinement to the state.
Maharashtra has a normal rainstorm atmosphere, with hot, stormy and icy climate seasons. On the other hand, dew, ice and hail likewise happen now and again, contingent on the regular climate.
The mechanical powerhouse of India, Maharashtra possesses a conspicuous spot in the nation’s economy. Mumbai, the business capital of the nation, has the vicinity of all the main modern/corporate places of the nation. The state is the real maker of oilseeds, groundnut, sunflower, soya bean and so forth. The state likewise creates money harvests like cotton, sugarcane, turmeric, and vegetables. The state additionally has an immeasurable region under agriculture development