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Kidney Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatment

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About Kidney Cancer

Also known by the name of renal cancer, kidney cancer is when abnormal, malignant cells grow out of control in a person’s kidneys, making extreme damage as it grows into a tumor.

The majority of the kidney cancers begin from tubules, which are lining of tiny tubes in the kidney. This form of kidney cancer is known as Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Technically, it has been observed that kidney cancers can be detected early before the malignant tumor spreads further, meaning that treatment options are much more since when cancer is detected early, the room for improvement is more.

But the catch is that before this cancer can be detected, the malignant tumor tends to grow larger in size.

Just like the majority of other forms of cancers, there is no substantial cause for kidney cancer either. However, most definitely there are certain risk factors, which make some people prone to this form of cancer.

The first and foremost of which is being over 40, since statistics say that the majority of the people diagnosed with kidney cancer are over the age of 40. Next is being a chain smoker, as people who tend to smoke more have a higher risk of kidney cancer.

The other factors are simply being obese, being a man, because reports say men are twice more prone to kidney cancer than women, using long-term medications, having high blood pressure, genetics, belonging to a family with a history of kidney complications, or being exposed to a certain set of chemicals.

The symptoms of early-stage kidney cancer include unexplained weight loss, bloody discharge in the urine, a swelling or lump found in the sides of the abdomen, anemia, frequent fatigue, loss of appetite, unseasonal fever lasts longer than usual, ankles and legs swelling, etc.

Other than these, if cancer spreads to other parts of the body, symptoms like blood in the cough, running short of breaths, and aching bones are likely to be experienced. The stages of kidney cancer range from stage I to IV.

A kidney cancer diagnosis can be conducted through blood and urine tests, along with intravenous pyelogram, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan, as well as a renal arteriogram.

The treatment then begins based on the stage and grade of cancer and will include procedures like surgery, cryotherapy, arterial embolization, radiofrequency ablation, biologic therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy.


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