Haryana – History, Geography, Economy, Tourism
The present day Haryana is the locale where, along the banks of the River Saraswati, the Vedic Civilization started and developed. It arrived that the Vedas were composed, as the Aryans droned their consecrated Mantras. It was in this place that holy person Ved Vyas composed Mahabharat in Sanskrit.
Haryana has been the scene of numerous wars due to it being “The Gateway of North India”. As years moved by, progressive floods of Huns, Turks and the Afghans attacked India and definitive fights were battled in this area. After the defeat of the Gupta domain amidst sixth century AD north India was again part into a few kingdoms.
The Huns set up their matchless quality over Punjab. It was after this period that one of the best Kings of ancient India, Harshvardhan started his tenet. He turned into the King of Thanesar (Kurukshetra) in 606 AD, and later went ahead to manage the vast majority of north India. In the fourteenth century, the Tomar rulers drove an armed force through this district to Delhi.
Later the Mughal, Babur, vanquished the Lodhis in the first clash of Panipat in the year 1526. Another unequivocal fight was battled in Panipat in 1556, setting up the rule of the Mughals for a considerable length of time to come. Exploiting Humayun’s passing, Hemu had walked to Agra and Delhi and conquered it without trouble.
Image Source: hltt.in
Accordingly, Bairam Khan (Akbar’s watchman) walked towards Delhi. Both the armed forces conflicted in the second battle of Panipat and the Mughals won the fight. Towards the center of the eighteenth century, the Marathas had control over Haryana.
The interruption of Ahmed Shah Durrani in India reached a state of perfection in the third battle of Panipat in 1761. Marathas’ thrashing in this fight denoted the end of their command and the decay of the Mughal Empire, prompting the appearance of the British standard.
In 1857, the populace of Haryana joined the Indian pioneers in the 1857 Revolt against the British Government. Before the end of June 1857, the greater part of the present Haryana area was freed from the British. Be that as it may, the British figured out how to put down the defiance in November, 1857 by getting extra powers from outside the territory.
Image Source: haryana.gov.in
Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is between 27°39′ to 30°35′ N scope and somewhere around 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude. The height of Haryana keeps changing between 700 to 3600 ft (200 meters to 1200 meters) above ocean level. A region of 1,553 km2 is secured by backwoods. Haryana has four fundamental topographical elements:
- The Yamuna-Ghaggar plain shaping the biggest piece of the state
- The Shivalik Hills toward the upper east
- Semi-desert sandy plain toward the southwest
- The Aravalli Range in the south
Haryana is to a great degree hot in summer at around 45 °C (113 °F) and gentle in winter. The most smoking months are May and June and the coldest December and January.
The area component i.e. closeness to the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the wealth of assets has helped the state to accomplish the status of a main industrialized state in India. The guideline minerals delivered in the state are kaolin, limestone, lime kankar, saltpeter, tin, and tungsten. Horticulture is the fundamental control of the populace of the state. Rice, wheat, jowar, bajra, maize, grain, beats, sugarcane, cotton, oilseeds, and potato are the significant products of the state.